Everything you need to know about Type 1 diabetes

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What is Type 1 diabetes? What problems can Type 1 diabetes cause? Does it affect children too? With an estimated 1.2 million Australians living with this condition, Type 1 diabetes can be challenging and overwhelming. But being informed is the best thing you can do, so here’s everything you need to know about Type 1 diabetes. 

Type 1 diabetes is caused due to lack of Insulin in your body 

You might already know that when we consume carbs, they’re broken down into glucose to provide us with energy to work and survive. But, it’s Insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas, that allows the body to use glucose. 

So, when someone has Type 1 diabetes, their body simply won’t produce enough Insulin. It causes a buildup of glucose in the blood, leading to many health issues, including a host of chronic childhood conditions. 

The onset of Type 1 diabetes is usually abrupt

One of the interesting facts about Type 1 diabetes is that its onset is almost always sudden, while for Type 2 diabetes, the symptoms appear more gradually.

Patients, including children, often complain of severe and sudden symptoms that require an emergency trip to the doctors. Sometimes, the aftermath of a viral disease, such as cold or flu that triggers symptoms of Type 1 diabetes. 

Sometimes symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), a dangerously high blood glucose level, could trigger Type 1 Diabetes, wherein the body uses muscles and fats for energy, causing issues like vomiting and unconsciousness. 

The peak age for developing Type 1 diabetes is between 13 and 14 

Although Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, it is usually children aged between 13 and 14 who are diagnosed the most. That said, in Australia, girls are slightly more likely to have diabetes than boys. 

The exact cause of Type 1 diabetes is still unknown 

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease and has nothing to top with your diet or lifestyle. 

However, you’re more likely to be diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes if you have a parent or sibling with the same. And if both of your parents have Type 1 diabetes, the risk is even higher. 

Type 1 diabetes can increase the risk of heart disease 

Heart disease continues to be one of the leading causes of mortality in individuals with Type 1 Diabetes. 

In some cases, a regular change in blood glucose level can cause repeated heart injuries, causing the immune system to attack the heart as a response. 

Type 1 diabetes can be managed well 

Type 1 diabetes needs insulin replacement every day for the rest of their life, but it can be managed well. 

With careful practices like eating a balanced diet, a regular visit to your doctors, exercise, and getting enough sleep, you’ll be able to manage Type 1 diabetes pretty well. 

Being informed about your stats and seeking guidance from your primary care provider, eye doctor, and nutritionist is essential for diabetes management. 

Manage Type 1 Diabetes with Solitaire Medical Group 

A GP administering Insulin in a young Type 1 diabetic patient for it's management

Your GP is often the first point of contact for diagnosing and managing diabetes. 

In Solitaire Medical Group, you can meet our doctors to discuss the most appropriate treatment for ensuring your diabetes is well controlled. We can also set a calendar throughout the year to keep an eye on your blood glucose level. 

If you are excessively thirsty, passing more urine, feeling hungry, or suffering from headaches and blurred vision, seek help from our doctors immediately. 

Through basic tests, we can diagnose if you’ve diabetes or not.